What Are Characteristic Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease? – Diseases

Since its discovery in the year 1906, in a span of little more than one century. the disease has become the 4th largest killer after heart disease, cancer and Tuberculosis(TB) in country like the US, the U. K, Japan And other developed countries where Average life span of an individual is above 60. Any people above 60 is vulnerable to this disease. the chances of vulnerability to the disease increases as the people above 60 keeps on gaining age higher than 60. the older the age of a person, the more vulnerable a person becomes to this disease.The disease is more commonly known as the disease of memory loss of the elderly people or the disease of forgetfulness as the affected people begin gradually to loose from his or her memory whatever he or she has store in their brain. As a result of this an affected person forgets name even of his near and dear, friends, relatives. He or she even forgets faces even of his or her son, daughter and others known to him or her. The affected person forgets many details of his daily activities and his or her life this is why a person suffering from this disease has to depend on others for almost every kind of activities of life.What is the precise reason of this Alzheimer Disease? No one knows the answer. The discipline of modern medicine is still groping in the darkness to find the exact reason behind the onset of the disease, more particularly in the elderly people of our species of mankind. The progress of science and technology, especially the progress of medical sciences in the last hundred years , and our strong will power to fight against the dreaded diseases of human species have enabled us to conquer many infectious and non-infectious disease, such as T. B, Cholera. Malaria and other numerous diseases for which drug cure is available as protection against those diseases.Alzheimer`s Disease is a very important and worrisome exceptions for which there is no treatment leading to cure. This is why a person with this disease can not lead normal life like all other human beings. As the disease progresses, because of no treatment available. a patient gradually becomes incapable to carry out even the daily routine activity of his or her life. Life becomes increasingly dependent on the family members for anything and everything, that is, from the time up wake up in the morning till the time a patients falls sleep.As there is no treatment leading to cure from this disease, a growing number of elderly persons is falling the victims of this disease. You will be very much surprised if you Know how many people in the world has fallen victim of this disease and are forced to lead a life nobody desires. The figure is quite staggering -more than 30 million people. this is not the last figure :more frightening is the fact that this number is increasing fast and more and more people is falling in the net of the disease.The disease creates more problem as not only the treatment but even the diagnosis of the disease is not 100 percent sure. There are no direct tests known that can fully ascertain the disease in an individual. Whatever tests are available to modern medicine today is all indirect. As Alzheimer Disease is one of the diseases of failure of memory system. It means that there are other diseases of memory loss. How an expert physician diagnoses the disease is that he conducts the tests for all other disease of memory loss and if all of them prove negative, the concerned physician assumes that the person undergoing the test is most possibly suffering from Alzheimer`s Disease. Thus the test for Alzheiner’s is indirect and speculative.So, a question can arise in the mind of a person how he or she can be 100 percent sure about the disease? The answer is that it is possible only after he or she dies! This is because that after the death, a portion of his or her brain will be extracted as a sample and put under a microscope to search for whether the sample has fragmented mass of brain tissue which is the only characteristic of the disease.Why there is no direct and single test for this disease available for this disease also?the answer is quite simple :nobody knows the precise reason of the disease. Until the precise reason becomes known to the scientists they will not be able to invent a procedure that can directly test the disease as in the cases of AIDS, cancer, T.B. and most other diseases.In the absence of any precise diagnosis how can one know that he or she is gradually victimised by the disease?It is very difficult to know the very early stage of the Disease. When the disease progresses to an intermediate stage, lapses in the memory system starts becoming clearer and the people around the person suffering from the disease begins to notice that something is going wrong with the person.What happens to the brain of the elderly person leading to a medical condition of permanent forgetness? In fact the onset of the disease in a person begins in a person something leading to gradual destruction of the matter that compose the brain. As the disease progresses, increasing contents of the brain of an affected person is destroyed by the disease. and as you know that it is the brain which holds everything we learnt and remembered. So, when the contents of the brain is lost the memory stored in that part of the brain is also lost. This loss causes many kinds of disabilities over the course of time.Scientifically speaking,our brain has following functional divisions : (1) The largest part is,as they call, the Cerebrum,(2) the Cerebellum,and (3) the Brain Stem. They work together to support all your mental and physical activities,anything you do knowingly and unknowingly:from the time you wake to the time you fall in the sleep and also during the period of sleep.In other words It is the brain that makes everything in your life possible.The disease of Alzheimer does not spare any area of the brain unaffected,it gradually attacks and affects all areas of brain in the people suffering from this disease. As the disease keeps on affecting various parts of the brain of the sufferer, new symptoms keep on emerging and this keeps on until the death of the person.The following is the list of symptoms or mental and physical disabilities manifesting in those suffering from this disease:1. problem of recent memory loss
2. Problem of Attention
3. Problem of Language
4. Problem in generation of speech
5. Problem in social behavior
6. Problem in emotion
7. Problem of movement of body part
8. Problem in identifying of body parts
9. Problem of self identification
10. Problem of unawareness of space/locality / time
11. problem of sleep
12. Problem of writing
13. Problem of visual attention
14. Problem of identifying object
15. Problem of reading
16. Problem of hearing
17. Problem of irritability / anger
18. problem in recognition of face
19. Problem of long term memory
20. Problem of sense of smell
21. Problem of control on emotion
22. Problem of recent memory loss
23. Coordination of fine movement
24. Problem in holding objects
25. Problem in making rapid movementThe above information is the outcome of the research carried out in our Alpha Brain & Yoga Research Institute on the patients of Alzheimer Disease.

Lyme Disease in Dogs and Humans – Diseases

It is summer time and that means walks in the woods, camping and all those glorious trips on nature trails enjoying the sights and sounds of nature. However, lurking in some areas there lies a nasty tick that can cause both humans and animals an opportunity to become very ill.It is an illness that is caused by a bite from an infected tick and it does not care who you are human or dog. This problem surfaced around 1975 when a group of children in a Lyme, Conn., suffered a severe outbreak of rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. This unusual grouping eventually lead researchers to identify the bacterial cause in 1982 and thus led to the name “Lyme disease.” In 1984 it found its way into the canine population and since has skyrocketed. It is a serious and deadly disease if left untreated.According to statistics released by a pet insurance provider (Veterinary Pet Insurance) in 2008, Lyme disease is the most common canine infectious disease for the third year in a row. Forty-sever percent of all the claims Veterinary Pet Insurance received were for tick born infectious diseases. Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis (caused by the Brown Dog tick and the lone star tick, infection enters the white blood cells and causes anemia and other complications) and anaplasmosis (caused by deer ticks, the disease is similar to Lyme disease) are among the three leading infectious tick diseases.What is the cause? Warmer climates, urbanization and an increase in the rodent and deer populations are the primary causes. A female tick can lay approximately 3,000 eggs per season and once the tick population gets established there is a big problem in removing them. Once a disease that was established in a few areas has now managed to move through the entire Northeast, the Midwest and in areas of California and Oregon.What is Lyme disease? It is a disease caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi which is transmitted into the bloodstream by the saliva of the infected tick by means of a prolonged bite. It cannot be transmitted from dog to dog or to humans from dogs. It comes from the tick bite itself and reacts differently in humans than it does in dogs.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only two ticks are known to carry this bacterium, the blacklegged deer tick, found throughout most of the United States and the Western blacklegged tick found only in the Western states. Granted that there are other ticks that carry
different types of bacteria, but only these two ticks carry Lyme disease.What are the symptoms of Lyme disease in dogs? It is difficult to diagnose. Common symptoms are fever, limb discomfort, lameness, swelling in the joints, lack of energy and loss of appetite. Since these symptoms are common to many other canine diseases it may take a while to determine the actual cause of the problems. Lyme disease can take up to 5 months after exposure to surface.A simple blood test can detect if a dog has been exposed to the bacteria and treatment can begin. Dogs are usually treated with an antibiotic (usually doxycycline) and will begin to show improvement within a few days after receiving treatment.The interesting thing is some dogs can test positive for the disease and never appear sick, as their bodies are capable of fighting off the bacteria. It is recommended however, that if your dog tests positive and several other tests show the same result it is best to have your dog treated, but that is a matter of personal judgment.What are the complications of Lyme disease in dogs? Lyme disease does not cause permanent arthritis in dogs. The type of arthritis or lameness caused by this disease is non-erosive arthritis; it does not cause damage the bone. The swelling and lameness will go away with treatment.The potential problem related to Lyme disease is kidney complications if left untreated. These problems can be fatal to your dog. It is necessary to have your vet do a routine urinalysis if your dog has contacted Lyme disease.Lyme disease is a dangerous disease, but when caught early and treated most dogs achieve full recovery.What are the symptoms of Lyme disease in humans? Lyme disease in humans affects different areas in the body as it progresses. The place where the tick has bit the human usually causes a reddish rash and “flu-like” symptoms.Medically it is described in three phases as: (a) an early localized disease with a skin inflammation; (b) early problems of the heart and nervous system, which could include palsies and meningitis and (c) later a disease that causes motor and sensory nerve damage and brain inflammation as well as arthritis.Many people do not even recall a tick bite, as some ticks can be as small as the period at the end of this sentence. Some people do not develop a reddish rash, but even the rash will disappear by itself with no treatment at all. Some people suffer from flu like symptoms and possible swollen glands plus a headache. If you are like most people you “get over” these things without the aid of your doctor and this is where the seriousness of this disease begins.As the bacteria spreads through your body it begins to affect your heart muscle causing and inflammation, which can cause abnormal heartbeats and heart failure. The nervous system can develop facial paralysis, abnormal sensations due to the disease of peripheral nerves, meningitis and confusion. If this is not enough, you can also develop chronic arthritis and suffer from anxiety and depression. How is Lyme disease diagnosed in humans? If you live in an area where Lyme disease if known and show up at the doctor’s office with the usual red rash the diagnosis is simple. If you have been bitten by a tick be certain to tell your doctor. In most cases without your doctor knowing if you have been bitten or if you have been in an area where Lyme disease is known, they will review your history and try the process of elimination to exclude certain diseases. Blood tests are not significant in the early stages of the disease, though can be helpful in the later stages. Currently the best test is what is called the Western Blot assay antibody test. How is Lyme disease treated in humans? In most cases Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics that work really well in the early stages of the disease. If the disease has progressed undetected for awhile, it maybe necessary to take some intravenous drugs and pain-relieving medicines can also be given.How do you protect your dog and yourself? Since dogs carry ticks into the home, it is wise to check your dog every time it comes in. A tick check is simply done by going through your dog’s fur and parting it with your fingers. Begin at the ears and head while working your way down, on black dog’s use a flashlight to help you see the ticks. If you find one do not stop as you may find more, ticks love company. Use some sticky tape to help remove the tick or use tweezers making certain you remove the whole tick, legs and all. Do not try burning them off with a match or cigarette.Keep your grass cut; trim bushes around your house so that they get a chance to get some sun. Ticks love damp dark places. If you live near a wooded area keep the area around your home free from the growing brush; a stone or mulch path surrounding the area is a good idea.Use year round flea and tick preventatives. If you live in an area where Lyme disease ticks are prevalent there are vaccines available to help prevent the disease. A vaccine along with the flea and tick preventative will go a long way in protecting your dog. Though it is known that the vaccines do not always work, they are worth a try. The vaccines are usually given twice, a few weeks apart and then once a year and are recommended if you live in areas known for the disease.Regarding us humans wear protective long pants, long sleeves and boots if you are venturing into the woods and if you pick up a tick be certain to remove it at once. Spraying an insect repellent that contains DEET will help too. If you get a tick and remove it, save the culprit in a jar so that is can be identified as not all ticks carry Lyme disease. It takes approximately 48 hours once a tick becomes attached to you or your dog to transmit the bacteria, that is why checking yourself and your dog is so important. The quicker you remove them the better off you both are.